Monday, June 13, 2016

Independent Schools are good for society

The British Columbia Teacher Federation wants the BC government to stop funding private schools. 

The BCTF argument against the subsidy to independent schools goes like this. BC’s public schools are chronically underfunded. The redirection of provincial subsidies from private to public schools would help alleviate funding shortfalls and remedy some of the problems – such as a loss of specialist teachers and school closures - that school districts face. The BCTF wants British Columbians to believe that the independent school system is receiving “unacceptable increases of public subsidy”, to quote Federation president Jim Iker. The narrative insinuates that public funding of independent schools undermines the public school system and is a step towards the privatization of education.

Is the narrative correct?

Most independent schools are not "private"
The BCTF refers to all independent schools as “private”.  The term “private school” is misleading when speaking about BC’s independent schools.   “Private school” conjures up elite educational institutions for the privileged where parents pay buckets of money to give their children a leg up in the world.  Only about 5% of independent schools in BC are “private” according to this definition.  Faith based schools and schools that offer different teaching/learning styles, such as Montessori schools, are the most common type of independent school. Referring to all independent schools as “private” fuels resentment against independent schools, which serve many children and communities well. It leads people to wrongly assume that BC has a two-tier system of education that favours the wealthy; partial government funding for a child’s education in the independent system removes barriers to access for many families.

The funding formula 
For funding purposes, two categories of independent schools receive grants.  Group 1 schools receive 50% of the per-student funding that public schools receive. These schools spend the same or less as the local school district to educate a student.  Group 2 schools receive 35%, and spend more per student.  Independent schools assume full fiscal responsibility for building, equipment and land; there are no public grants for capital costs.  The operating grant to independent schools is about $341 million (roughly 6%) of the $5.6 billion that BC spends on education, and services approximately 13% of the province’s student body. 

This funding formula has been in effect for twenty-five years. Contrary to Iker’s assertion, there has not been an increase in the public subsidy to independent schools.  More taxpayer dollars are going to independent schools because student enrolment has increased, not because the government has increased the per-pupil operating grant.

The two systems strengthen education
Independent schools in no way undermine or threaten a healthy public school system.   The two systems have co-existed since the establishment of BC’s first Catholic schools in the mid 1800’s.  There is a synergy between the two that inspires individual schools to provide the best possible learning environments for their students.  Having two systems keeps everyone on their toes.

Without independent schools, the public schools would have a monopoly on education.  A monopoly is rarely a good thing. It can encourage complacency and a lack of accountability, and it limits choice, upon which our society places a high value.

Parental choice in education is a right recognized in practice and in international law.  In an interview on Radio Labor, Iker said, “We have no issue of parents choosing which school they want to but it should not be subsidized by any public dollars.”   While that position may be appealing in fiscally challenging times, it is contrary to the spirit of parental choice in a democracy, and would effectively eliminate Group 1 schools. 

Independent schools save taxpayer dollars
Without public dollars, the majority of Group 1 schools, who are more cash strapped than their public school counterparts, would have to close their doors. That could potentially send 60,000 students into a system that, according to the BCTF, is chronically underfunded. The government would need to come up with an additional 50% more funding for operating costs, to say nothing of the money required for capital costs.

As a former educator, parent and volunteer with experience in the public and Catholic school systems, I have seen the value of both for students. The two systems provide different learning environments for children and parents of diverse needs. Options in education are good for children and serve society well.

When it comes to education, one size does not fit all.  Taking from Peter to give to Paul is not the solution for a lack of public school funding, nor would it improve the quality of our children’s education.

Thursday, June 9, 2016

Body image issues begin early

My two and a half year old granddaughter has an eye for fashion.  She has her favorite outfits and she is fond of accessories. She likes to wear beads like Granny, and my earrings are a source of great interest.  It’s all very cute and sweet, but I wonder if I should compliment her less frequently on her attire. I don’t want her to grow up thinking that her value as a girl depends on her appearance.

She will get plenty of that messaging from society and the media, as a recent edition of Discovery Girls magazine illustrates. Discovery Girls is for girls between eight and 13 years of age, with a median age of 10.8 years. According to its website, it has a readership of 900,000 in the United States. The magazine recently came under fire for a swimsuit spread that taught little girls how to select a swimsuit.

The advice on curves will make your head swim. “If you’re curvy on top, coverage is key!” Side ties and cutouts will “draw the eye down”. For the straight “up and down” body, “add curves with asymmetrical straps”.  Too curvy? Minimize your curves. Not curvy enough? Create the illusion of curves.  

For the chubby, “rounder in the middle” girl who fancies bikinis, “high-waisted bottoms work best”, preferably in big, block patterns for a slimming look.

The magazine’s publisher, Catherine Lee issued a lengthy apology on Facebook in response to the backlash. “It is hard for me to believe that an article so contrary to our magazine’s mission could have been published on our pages. I have been at a loss for words for days.  The article was supposed to be about finding cute, fun swimsuits that make girls feel confident, but instead it focused on girls’ body image and had a negative impact.”  One would expect the publisher to have a little more oversight on the kind of material that makes it to press. 

How indeed could the article, “so contrary” to the magazine’s purpose, make the cut?  Could it be that the swimsuit spread reflects the magazine editors’ own attitudes about body image and beauty?  Could the editors have been unaware of the extent to which years of exposure to media messaging about the female body have shaped those attitudes?

From an early age, we are exposed to societal attitudes about beauty that influence our idea of self and others.  Today’s children are bombarded with thousands of messages that idealize and sexualize the female body.  They absorb these messages but lack the experience and maturity to understand them.  When Discovery Girls insinuated to its impressionable young readers that their body is flawed and in need of concealing, it reinforced adult perceptions about the relationship between beauty, sexuality and self-worth. It stoked the flames of self-doubt.

We need to be building our girls up, not tearing them down with unrealistic ideals of beauty. The same holds for our boys, who are increasingly exposed to images of an ideal, ripped male body.

Common Sense Media reviewed research on body image in children.  The results are disturbing.  “Children as young as five express dissatisfaction with their bodies.” More than half of girls and one-third of boys aged six to eight feel their ideal body is thinner than their current size.” “Body image concerns start earlier than you think; even preschoolers learn that society judges people by how they look.”

Children’s preoccupation with their bodies is accelerating.  Twenty plus years ago when my own children were adolescences, I read Mary Pipher’s book, Finding Ophelia. Pipher, a psychotherapist, described how society’s attitudes about women made it difficult for adolescent girls to retain their sense of self.  Today, five year olds of both sexes have similar issues. We are robbing our children of their childhood.

The experts have lots of common sense advice to help parents (and grandparents) minimize the potential harms of these unrealistic messages.  Limit media consumption. Project a healthy attitude towards your own body; “ban fat talk”.  Encourage healthy activities – like play, sports, dance, or music. 

To these I would add, recognize your child’s gifts, and celebrate them.  Help her discover that she is wonderfully made, that her beauty radiates from within, and that there is no one like her in the entire world. This will give her more confidence than a swimsuit that hides curves, creates curves, or minimizes a pudgy middle.